Skin pigmentation occurs when the skin has excessive production of melanin, which is produced by melanocytes and acts as protection of skin cells from sun and UV damages. Sun damage is the biggest culprit for pigmentation, but other types also include freckles, sun spots, and age spots that can appear on the face, arms and hands. The harmful UV rays from the sun are a cause of premature ageing, and the extent of the sun damage depends on the intensity of sun exposure and the individual’s skin colour.
The hyperpigmentation causes skin discoloration and uneven skin tone, due to the excessive concentration of melanin in one specific area. Factors that contribute to overproduction of melanin includes hormonal changes, birthmarks that appear during childhood or even in adulthood, and skin conditions like melasma. Getting rid of unwanted pigmentation can be effectively done with treatments like Pico Laser, available at aesthetic clinics in Singapore. Its main purpose is to effectively address pigmentation issues for clearer, more even skin tone.
What is Pico Laser?
Utilising the latest laser technology, Pico lasers work in ultrashort picosecond laser pulses and distribute energy in short bursts. They can penetrate deep beneath the surface of the skin to eliminate the melanin that causes hyperpigmentation.
The fine laser beams disrupt the pigment-containing cells within the skin into much smaller fragments. A pure photoacoustic effect is generated that targets the pigments so the surrounding tissues will not be affected. Not only will the fragmented pigments be removed by the skin’s immune system, but the smaller fragments also make it easier for the skin to clear them faster thus reducing the number of treatments required. The result is fading and clearing of the affected area, so darker spots on the skin will gradually fade away.
Tiny bubbles are also formed when the laser is performed, using micro-explosions, which will be filled up with collagen, resulting in an “elevated” effect that will minimize enlarged pores and raise depressed acne scars. This makes Pico laser to be an effective acne scar treatment as well.
How is the Procedure?
The procedure is safe, fast and comfortable with the use of topical numbing cream. Prior to the treatment, the skin will be cleansed, and the patient will be asked to wear laser-protective goggles. The laser beam will be targeted towards the area of concern on the epidermis layer without causing heat injury to the dermis layer.
With Pico laser, there is minimal downtime and lesser side effects are seen after the treatment. There may be some mild itchiness or a pinkish flush experienced post-laser, but it will go away in a few hours’ time. Patients can return to their daily activities or resume work immediately after but it is advisable to stay away from prolonged strong sun exposure for a week to avoid hyperpigmentation.
The number of sessions required varies on the individual condition and type of pigmentation, but it takes lesser sessions compared to other laser treatments.
What is Pico good for?
Pico laser can benefit patients with pigmentation, fine lines, large pores and tattoo removal. It also works great as a laser treatment for acne scars, and can be combined with Q-Switch laser to treat active cystic acne.
Most pigmentation will not return after removal but factors like ageing and sun exposure can cause new pigmentation to develop. It is essential to apply sunscreen diligently to prevent new pigmentation from forming. Doing regular maintenance treatments can also benefit some patients.
Pico laser and Q-switch laser treatments are also available at our clinic. We offer a suite of aesthetic treatments in Singapore to treat a host of skin concerns including cystic acne treatment. Consult with our experienced doctors who will provide a comprehensive assessment on your skin and address your concerns. Book your appointment with us today.